A CAREER IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


NAME: WANDILE S. HLOPHE
COMPANY: SWAZILAND COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY
POSITION: LECTURER
CELL: 7606 0449
EMAIL: [email protected]

Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering is use of known materials to improve human living through the application of science in analysis, design, construction and maintenance of infrastructure. Where infrastructure refers to the physical structures and facilities needed to ensure convenient human living within living spaces. This includes buildings, roads, dams, power, water and sewerage reticulation systems etc.
Civil Engineering is the oldest branch of engineering and has many specialist fields within it. It is also a branch of the broader Built Environment (or Construction) Industry. The branches of Civil Engineering are:
  • Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Hydraulics Engineering
  • Materials Science and Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Construction Engineering

Requirements for Studying Civil Engineering
The minimum entry qualification to the Diploma programme in Civil Engineering is IGCSE credits (i.e. symbol C or better) in Mathematics, Physics or Physical Science, and at least a pass (i.e. symbol E or better) in English Language.

Careers in Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering is a broad and exciting career path. It is a key field of study especially for developing countries like Eswatini. Each stream of Civil Engineering has various types of professionals who are vital including Engineers, Technologists and Technicians. These professionals can be involved in:
  • Planning / Management: By evaluating the infrastructural needs of society C.E professionals identify, plan and initiate all projects. These professionals are employed and function within Government Ministries (eg. MoPWT), Parastatals (SWSC, Municipalities) and other major Service Providers.
  • Analysis and Design: Once planning has been completed the analysis and design of infrastructure in the various fields is carried out by C.E. professionals. These professionals are employed and function under organizations like Consulting Companies, Parastatals, and Government Ministries etc.
  • Construction: The implementation phase of all infrastructure projects is very important and required the input of C.E. professionals to ensure success. These professionals may be found in Construction Companies and other such organizations who are involved in construction.
  • Maintenance and Rehabilitation: Once the construction is completed the maintenance kicks in. This is a neglected field or C.E. which requires much attention and expertise. C.E. professional who are involved in this would be found working in/or with client agencies like Government Ministries and Parastatals (SNHB, Municipalities).

Reasons to Study a Civil Engineering
1. High demand and many opportunities: All African nations including Eswatini are considered developing nations. A major contributor to the growth of a nation is the construction of infrastructure. This means that there are many employment and business opportunities in Eswatini and Africa as a whole in Civil Engineering.
2. Remuneration (salary and benefits): Because of the great need for infrastructure development in developing countries Civil Engineering is quite lucrative in terms of remuneration (salary and benefits).
3. Feel - good factor: All C.E. professionals have a vital role in the development of a country which comes with great personal satisfaction and professional pride. You will love working on C.E. projects and will feel good about contributing directly to the economic growth of the nation.
4. Opportunities Abroad : Civil Engineering is one of the most in demand careers worldwide, so will open you up to many opportunities to study, live, work and travel abroad.